Buddhism Vocabulary Words

Buddha Teachings Satipatthana Sutta
Encyclopedia of Buddhism by Subodh Gupta

Key Vocab words & concepts used in Buddhism or Buddha’s teachings:

Anatta: Ultimate reality is that there is no I or no permanent self or soul.

Karma: Actions have consequences, which influence a person’s present life and future births.

Dukkha: The concept of suffering. In the four noble truths, this concept is explained in detail

Nirvana: The state of enlightenment, in which a person is free from suffering and the cycle of death and rebirth. One has to walk on the noble eightfold path to achieve nirvana.

Samsara: The cycle of death and rebirth to which all beings are subject.

Triratna: the Three Jewels of Buddhism, which are the Buddha, the Dharma (the teachings of the Buddha also known as the law of nature), and the Sangha (the community of practitioners).

Compassion: a key virtue in Buddhism, which involves love for all beings and the desire to alleviate the suffering of others.

Mindfulness: the practice of being present and aware in the present moment, without judgment. In Buddhism it stage is Satipattana and in Hinduism, it is known as SthithPragya

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